The world is now seeing an unsustainable level of consumption that is destructive to the environment. Discourse on climate change, for example, has plagued the mainstream media wherein experts weigh in on the adverse and irreversible damage that human activities has caused on the environment. This is mainly due to things like car exhaust which aside from being dangerous to the environment, also end up often requiring aid from Beverly Hills car accident lawyers because of the more direct physical effect cars can have on humans. Temperatures have continued to rise at unprecedented levels, causing ice caps to melt and sea levels to rise. This has been identified as among the factors that have put to risk entire populations living in coastal areas. There are several more identified environmental changes, such as high levels of extinction in bio-diverse forests, an irreversible change in the world’s ecosystem, and other such incidents.
Many experts point to the unregulated business explorations, as well as the free market system, that continues to trigger the collapse of the environment at an alarming rate. The industrialization of many countries has created pollution in unprecedented and harmful levels; mining and logging concessions has led to the deforestation and destruction of thousands of hectares; and human production, consumption, and waste is severely interfering with the natural processes occurring in the environment. This has led to several initiatives from different sectors, particularly those pro-environment sections of society who have seen or experienced firsthand the chilling effects of the destruction of the environment.
What is Environmentalism?
Environmentalism is a movement that seeks to advocate against harmful human activities that affect nature. Proponents have long put forward suggestions and resolutions to reduce the damage that populations inflict on the environment — from political, economic, to social initiatives. Climate justice, for example, is a growing call of environmentalists who consider it preposterous for small, coastline nations to primarily suffer the effects of rising sea level when these nations have little contribution to the level of green house gases in the atmosphere.
This movement aims to promote mechanisms to protect the environment and wherever possible, start healing. The initiatives vary from small-time efforts to reduce the use of plastic, to changing and pressuring governments to adapt and follow international agreements limiting the level of green house gas emissions per country. The United Nations, for example, has institutionalized and ramped up its measures on protecting the environment by regularizing an Environment Programme in the United Nations, where conferences on climate change and other environmental issues are tackled between and among various stakeholders.
Recent developments agreed upon in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) is the commitment of countries to keep global temperature from rising above 2 degree Celsius. This includes the pursuance of certain efforts to meet the said target. Almost all countries are signatories to this convention, except Syria and most recently, the United States, which announced its withdrawal last June 2017.
Environmentalism also has different approaches. There is free market environmentalism which still puts emphasis on businesses and corporations to find means to promote the protection of the environment in the conduct of their respective businesses. These are the tenets of green capitalism which seeks to produce technology that are environment-friendly, compensating for the damages done by certain industries to the environment.