Greenpeace is an environmental agency that doesn’t have any governmental connections. Today, they have offices in over 40 countries. They also have an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Founded in 1071 by Irving Stowe from Canada and Dorothy Stowe from the United States, these ex-pat environmentalists wanted to make sure that the Earth could continue nurturing diverse lifeforms. The organization focuses its campaigning on issues throughout the world. These include climate change, deforestation, overfishing, commercial whaling, genetic engineering, and anti-nuclear issues.
Through a combination of direct action, lobbying, research, and ecotage (sabotage carried out for ecological reasons) Greenpeace works to meet its goals. These activities are funded by entities that aren’t connected to businesses, political parties, or the government. Instead, they’re funded through a combination of grants and 2.9 million individual supporters.
Greenpeace is known for offering consultation to the United Nations Economic and Social Council. They’re also a founding member of the INGO Accountability Charter, which is an international, non-governmental organization that fosters accountability and transparency between such organizations. They’ve also managed to raise the awareness of environmental issues in the public eye. As such, the organization enjoys both public and private awareness.
Over the years Greenpeace has also been the source of many controversies. They’ve been criticized for both their motives and their methods, especially since some of their methods have been illegal. Many of their activists have received fines.
One of the most notorious of these cases was over genetically modified organisms (GMO). More than 100 Nobel laureates urged them to end this campaign. However, they continue fighting against GMOs even today. In doing so, some of their activists have damaged the Nazca Lines, a UN World Heritage site in Peru. For doing so they’ve received fines and suspended sentences.
Over the years Greenpeace has been involved in lobbying against many issues These include climate, energy, nuclear power, oil, forests, toxic waste, and saving the Arctic. The way the organization has spoken out and lobbied in these matters has often been criticized. Nevertheless, many people still feel that the organization is doing great work and so they choose to continue supporting it.